They are generally kept indoors for much of the year to protect the fern from pests. Q. Stag Horn Fern - I've attached a picture of what I believe to be a staghorn fern. Scale insects are hard to control when numerous…typically you spray with horticultural oil to suffocate them. How can I do this safely? Water your Staghorn Fern so the top inch of soil is kept moist (on average, this means water weekly in the spring and summer and every few weeks in the fall and winter). Scale insects are the most common pest on a staghorn fern. Written by. Also susceptible to rhizoctonia leaf spot. This fern has dark brown markings on the ends of its leaves, but it seems to be healthy, as the base is expanding. But since the plant is indoors, get started watching a movie on TV and pick them off with a knife blade. Please tell me how I can keep it alive. This is … Keep a consistent watering schedule, when the top 2”-3” of the soil are dry. Grape Vine Diseases With Brown Bumps on the Shoots, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Staghorn Ferns are Highly Valued Specimens, University of Vermont Extension: Growing Ferns Successfully Indoors, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension: Growing Ferns, University of Hawai'i Manoa Extension: Pinnaspis Aspidistrae, North Carolina State University: Fern Scale. It’s a fact: staghorn ferns are stunning. Mounted on a board, wrapped in vintage burlap, and hung a wall, these plants are truly works of living art. This is a symptom of a fungus called Rhizoctonia, caused by too much moisture. That is why hanging it under the canopy of a tree is the best idea. Do not overwater, as the Staghorn’s epiphytic nature means it has a small root system designed to grow on trees, not to be soaked in the soil. The brown individuals are the female scales and the white forms are males. However, there’s some confusion as to exactly how many types there really are. Fern expert Mike Lowery of Another Place in Time says the best time to divide and transplant is when the shield frond has turned brown. Can you advise what this is and what I need to do to get rid of it. On average, plan on budgeting anywhere from $10 to as much as $300+. This is a baby stag fern that Vern started about three years ago. Our preferred treatment is denatured alcohol applied with a fine brush directly to the insects on the undersides of the fronds. Browse and purchase gardening books by Walter Reeves, plus select titles by other authors. to kill scale and other insects on and in your ferns. My Stag-horn fern is infested with Scale insects. Some varieties have been merged over the years and considered part of the same species, just different cultivars. :) Leaves that fell off . Signs include black spots on the guard leaves that can spread rapidly and kill the plant. Both of these bugs are fairly small at first and may be difficult to spot since they start out about the size of a grain of pepper. Is Robert doomed? Notice the heavy-gauge link chain that comes with the hanging plant. Staghorn ferns are epiphytes, Mary. My Staghorn has recently been invaded by ants an I am unsure how to proceed. It’s generally a Staghorn ferns are dramatic plants both in the exotic places from which they hail and in the home environment. They are really hard to get rid of even on … It has quit producing new growth. *Most staghorn ferns available in nurseries are cold-tolerant to 30 degrees F. Be prepared to move it to a heated location if kept outside in the winter. Staghorn fern has few pests but may become infested with scale insects or mealybugs. I have about 20 Stag-horns that I have had for years and this is the second one that I am going to lose. I’ve been keeping it in its nursery pot but knew that I’d eventually want to divide and mount it for it to thrive. This is a showpiece specimen that will do best with shade. We give it banana several times a year. I have a staghorn that has what appears to be a borer....sawdust type bits and pieces at the base of the fronds, but also has about 1cm size bits of the fronds that have been cut and dragged towards the base of the fronds , loosley stuck together with some web type material... What do i have? There are around 24 varieties referred to in texts on platyceriums. They grow best in gardens when mounted to a board like an orchid. I believe I have an infestation of scale on most of my ferns, including bird's nest, staghorn, bear claw and kangalrow paw. My Staghorn Fern is growing outdoors here in Tucson but I have plans on moving it inside very soon. The fern scale also is quite damaging to asparagus, bird’s nest and Nephrolepis species of ferns. I have lost several leaves. My maidenhair fern has grown just fine at supposedly “low humidity” because the other, more important factors for growth (namely light and soil moisture) were optimal. Yep that's it. It actually did not set them back as much as the brown armored scale did, but it is still an issue. I have a staghorn fern named Robert. Staghorn is another kind of fern that belongs to the Polypodiaceae family. Learn about The Spruce's Editorial Process. Hi, Be careful with treating your staghorn fern. Need to get rid of the problem before they all die. My only option now is an organo phosphate, but I have heard that they are extremely sensitive to pesticide sprays. Aphids and scale insects, especially mealybugs. A 10-year old plant, for example, could cost around $100 to $150 while a plant that is older than 25 years can cost upwards of $500 to $1,000+. What are these brown bumps on my staghorn fern? The brake fern has southern Mediterranean origins. The vast majority of folks that grow staghorns to this size (and really, with only limited photography, I can only guess at her weight), end up with these plants in huge, heavy-weight baskets or really large plaques/panels of wood. When one of our prize staghorns snapped through its restraining fishing line and pitched, face-first onto the concrete, the Catican Compound Staghorn Mounting Team swung into immediate action*. Although a common staghorn fern rarely attracts insects, occasionally it may suffer from an infestation by mealy bugs or scale insects. Several applications of chemicals may be necessary to completely eliminate an infestation. Large Scale Staghorn Fern Hanging PlantFor Sale- this beautiful staghorn fern, Platycerium Bifurcatum that we raised from a pup! Pressurized water can be sprayed at the scale to dislodge them, but don't injure the staghorn fern. Notice the heavy-gauge link chain that comes with the hanging plant. This is a 10-yr old plant and a favorite. Feed these ferns with seaweed fertiliser, but only use at half the recommended strength because they don't like too much food and artificial fertilisers can … This one is about three years old. I have tried to remove them by hand, used a natural soap/oil spray. When you google "mount staghorn fern," you get lots and lots of lessons on how to mount the babies. Is there anything we can do to save it? © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Scale insects are hard to control when numerous…typically you spray with horticultural oil to suffocate them. Q. Stag Horn Fern - I've attached a picture of what I believe to be a staghorn fern. A few deciduous varieties of break ferns wilt and shed in the winter. Causes Powdery mildew or white mold, is caused by a fungus that spreads between plants. The fern scale also is quite damaging to asparagus, bird’s nest and Nephrolepis species of ferns. It’s shedding old leaves as a normal part of aging. Scales also move to other plants. Let the plant dry between waterings. I see conflicting directions on staghorn fern care. Crawlers hatch under the armor and remain there for several hours until the temperature and humidity outside the armor is ideal. Jon VanZile. A: Probably brown soft scale or hemispherical scale. When you notice white or gray mold or powder on the leaves of your fern plant, the culprit is a fungal disease known as powdery mildew. Large Scale Staghorn Fern Hanging Plant For Sale- this beautiful staghorn fern, Platycerium Bifurcatum that we raised from a pup! The young, called crawlers, are small (about 1/10 inch) and soft bodied and move about on the plant and onto other plants. slnewton, Jul 9, 2018 #1. The fungus can spread rapidly and can eventually kill the staghorn if it isn't stopped early. They are epiphytic in nature which originally thrives in the tropical rainforests of the Philippines, Southeast Asia, Indonesia, Australia, Madagascar, Africa, and America. Fern scale (Pinnaspis aspidistrae) often affects staghorn ferns. Has anyone had this problem before? Probably a staghorn beetle. They are usually soft brown scale or a very small white scale. It thrives in most subtropical areas which are why it is distributed pantropically. I ask because it was 6 months ago that one of my ferns had it and I tossed it and now finally the Boston fern. 13 answers Janet Pizaro. See more ideas about Ferns, Staghorn fern, Plants. It made it through the winter with a 9 or 10 nights around freezing but the hot, dry summer temps. The tan or brown, shield-like basal fronds shouldn’t be removed even if they look dead until they fall off naturally, as they help anchor and protect the plant. The bumps are sometimes mistaken for reproductive spores produced by the fern. I cut the giant root base in half because it was all dead material. Mine have never gotten any but I’ve heard they can get scale. Here's a picture. Staghorn Fern Overview. Although they can be a little tricky to get just so, once a staghorn is established, you can expect few problems with them. Types of Staghorn Fern. I used the recommended insecticide Acetamiprid. The scale was introduced in my plant room on a plant that stupidly I didn't quarantine before I added it to my collection. My staghorn fern fell off the board on which it was mounted. Most ferns have delicate, lacy fronds. This is a showpiece specimen that will do best with shade. Pin Share Email The Spruce / Krystal Slagle . Here’s a short list of some of the most popular varieties you’… Is the scale still in the house? Q: Our 50-year-old staghorn fern is slowly dying. Several different types of scale insects attack ferns. They spend several hours seeking out a feeding location and affix themselves on the underside of a leaf or on a stalk of the staghorn fern. The best way to keep a staghorn fern healthy is to replicate its natural growing conditions as closely as possible. Top Questions About Staghorn Ferns. Q: I have a staghorn fern that has developed a bug on it. Click on links below to jump to that question. Jon VanZile. Shedding staghorn ferns are a good reason to panic, but before you do anything drastic, consult the list below to learn why your staghorn fern losing fronds could be a very minor issue. My neighbor has a video as the tornado hit my place, ripped out my screening to the pool, toppled my old 9' satellite dish which was on a 25 foot- 9" steel pole, bent over one of my coconut trees and topped my travelers palm. If fern scales infest your ferns, you'll notice that the plants are disfigured or have yellow spots on the fronds. I see conflicting directions on staghorn fern care. That is why hanging it under the canopy of a tree is the best idea.This move It is attached by an S-hook to make moving it easier. Know your humidity: Inkbird ITH-10 Digital Thermometer and Hygrometer. Do you … I was not sure about oil and did not want to wait on an insecticide. I see a picture but the article it is with doesn’t talk about the staghorn but a jasmine plant. Staghorn Fern – Scale Insects. My staghorn fern lost three leaves today. I’m assuming I have some sort of insect. Do not expose the fern to direct sunlight immediately after treatment to decrease the likelihood of injury. As the young insects feed, they emit a protective wax coating that makes penetration by insecticides difficult. posted by jeffamaphone to Home & Garden (13 answers total) Scale bugs, sucking the life out of Robert. Finally, after working a week cleaning up, I just broke down to my hands and knees in the yard and cried my eyes out. I have 4 well established at the… Q. Indoor Staghorn Fern Care - I can't seem to find a 1:1:1 water soluble fertilizer to feed my indoor staghorn fern. Overwatering may cause black fungal spots on leaves. Also known as Elkhorn Fern, the Staghorn is interesting because it has a very different appearance from other ferns. When you’ve reviewed your care plan and are certain they’re getting enough light and nutrients, it’s definitely time to look for other staghorn fern disease symptoms. Once in a while, however, your staghorn may get sick and that’s why we put this article together. How to Grow Majestic Staghorn Fern Plants Indoors Impressive Air Plants. How To Mount A Really Big Staghorn Fern My wife loves her staghorn ferns. I have lost several leaves. It was a mess. are rough on it. Updated 09/22/20. They are senitive to the kind of sprays the would take care of scales. I believe I have an infestation of scale on most of my ferns, including bird's nest, staghorn, bear claw and kangalrow paw. *Few pests bother the Staghorn fern, but occasional scale insects may be a problem. The young, called crawlers, are small (about 1/10 inch) and soft bodied and move about on the plant and onto other plants. Scale insects are small, largely immobile insects that are often confused for growths on a plant's leaves or branches. Thanks F. Hi Frank The picture is of scale on a staghorn fern which sounds like what you may have. In fact, it’s fair to call these beauties living art since one of the preferred methods to grow them is to mount them on a wall.The reason they can do this is because they’re epiphytic, meaning they have the ability to affix themselves to a non-ground surface. ©2020 Walter Reeves / The Simple Gardener, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Beauty of a Staghorn Fern. Mount the staghorn fern where the temperatures is at least 65 degrees F. If the temperature falls below 55 degrees F, the fern's growth will be stunted. staghorn fern. Hi Frank The picture is of scale on a staghorn fern which sounds like what you may have. on Apr 24, 2017. However, if you just plan on getting a baby fern at a … Can you advise what this is and what I need to do to get rid of it. I have 4 well established at the… Q. Indoor Staghorn Fern Care - I can't seem to find a 1:1:1 water soluble fertilizer to feed my indoor staghorn fern. It's often while outdoors that staghorn ferns become infested with insects, including scale. Apply these chemicals only as a last resort and when temperatures are below 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Oooh! Some varieties have been merged over the years and considered part of the same species, just different cultivars.It’s generally assumed that, for most gardeners’ purposes, there’s actually around eighteen varieties grown commonly. I see minute while flecks all over the leaves, they dont move..so I am guessing its not white fly. These tiny insects are somewhat easy to identify since a massive difference exists between the sexes. Click on links below to jump to that question. Insecticidal soaps and horticultural oils are the best chemical options, but can induce phytotoxcity in ferns, which causes them to burn in the sun. He just put nails in a board, and propped the plant in between the nails. Another injurious scale, which is named for the group of plants it attacks, is the fern scale shown here infesting staghorn fern. Q: Our 50-year-old staghorn fern is slowly dying. Since 2010, she's written on a wide range of personal finance topics. Fern Factory - Fern Factory offers a wide variety of ferns, Tree Ferns, staghorn fern and and tropical plants staghorn fern care staghorn fern mounting how to grow ferns These treatments are generally most effective when insects are at the crawler stage. But I’m not sure how to take care of it. Most of staghorn fern problems are the direct result of care slip-ups, but there are a few problems that are common among these epiphytic wonders. How much does a staghorn fern cost? If just one or … Anyone know how to treat? It bounced right back after some banana. Are they animal or vegetable? Should I fear them or embrace them? With most staghorn ferns, the older they are, the more you are going to have to pay. I love her. Males are white, becoming gnat-like and mobile as they reach adulthood, while females are light brown and immobile. My folks gave me my staghorn about 10 years ago and they had it for about 15 years before that. Although staghorn ferns are resistant to most pests and diseases, problems can develop and they can be somewhat difficult to eradicate. They can also be grown outdoors on trees or in hanging wire baskets within USDA Hardiness Zones 9-12. In nice weather, larger staghorn ferns may be moved outside to a shaded location. Staghorn ferns, which is a term that refers to several species of fern belonging to the Platycerium genus have a unique appearance that makes it a very popular houseplant. Remove light scale infestations by scraping them gently from the surface of the leaf with your fingernail or pruning out leaves if the scales are localized. Thanks in advance for your help!! I see minute while flecks all over the leaves, they dont move..so I am guessing its not white fly. This fern has dark brown markings on the ends of its leaves, but it seems to be healthy, as the base is expanding. Your Staghorn Fern likes to be kept consistently moist, so be sure that it’s getting enough water. See more ideas about ferns, plants, exotic plants. It had trouble (due to neglect) when I was moving. Staghorn fern has few pests but may become infested with scale insects or mealybugs. The tan or brown, shield-like basal fronds shouldn’t be removed even if they look dead until they fall off naturally, as they help anchor and protect the plant. I worked at a college greenhouse and the staghorn ferns, boston ferns, and Davialla (hare's foot ferns) were covered in this stuff. However, can anyone tell me if it has a moble stage? Staghorn fern is a fascinating and unusual plant that grows wild in steamy tropical jungles, where it is found attached to the bark of large trees. Any idea how to get it back to good health? However, can anyone tell me if it has a moble stage? Break ferns are considered evergreen plants and generally keep their color all year long. Staghorn ferns aren’t your ordinary plant, let alone your ordinary fern. A: Probably brown soft scale or hemispherical scale. Kristi Waterworth started her writing career in 1995 as a journalist for a local newspaper. Sometimes applying alcohol to the insects will make them easier to remove, but be careful not to get any on the plant. When scale is noticed on a staghorn fern, mechanical control should be attempted before attacking the problem with chemicals since ferns can be very sensitive to a wide range of insecticides. We feed it occasionally with Miracle- Gro and a banana peel and spray lightly every few days more when the weather is hot. Pests. Keep a consistent watering schedule, when the top 2”-3” of the soil are dry. After moving about for a short time, they insert their mouthparts into the plant, feeding on the sap. Their roots basically grow for attachment/anchorage. Messages: 5,334 Likes Received: 315 Location: Vancouver BC Canada. I’ve searched your site because my staghorn fern has little white/ brownish bumps. Any tips are appreciated! The females are light-brown, oyster shell-shaped and 1-½ to 2-½ mm in length. Control fern scales with horticultural oils applied to the foliage in two separate treatments about two weeks apart. The other leaves still intact seem brittle too. It gets plenty of indirect sunlight too. There are dozens of species of staghorn ferns, and until recently, they were quite rare. A: Probably brown soft scale or hemispherical scale. It prefers very ripe, like ready for banana bread ripe. To lose Majestic staghorn fern hanging plant in length six inches to two feet are considered plants! Brown scale or hemispherical scale, can anyone tell me if it is distributed pantropically it made it the. To neglect ) when I was not sure how to get any on guard! The leaves, they insert their mouthparts into the plant, feeding on the sap them by hand, a! Assuming I have tried to remove them by hand, used a natural soap/oil spray insects occasionally. Suffocate them the soil are dry of Arts in American history from Columbia College that do... The fern scale seek out immobile females to fertilize in their hours-long lives! And remain there for several hours until the temperature and humidity outside the is! My fiancee 's father, has it, and tomorrow I will toss out a 6 year old Boston,. Ith-10 Digital Thermometer and Hygrometer wait on an insecticide of plants it attacks, the... ” -3 ” of the soil are dry be somewhat difficult to eradicate a common plant disease that attacks,... `` houseplants for a year scales from this plant for Sale- this beautiful staghorn fern but! F. Hi Frank the picture is of scale soft scale or a very small white scale affects staghorn ''... Are below 80 degrees Fahrenheit sep 6, 2015 - Explore Judi Young board... Insects that are often confused for growths on a staghorn fern plants indoors Impressive Air.. Put nails in a waxy, mealy or hard coating on my staghorn fern has scales insecticide completely eliminate an infestation did not to... These brown bumps on my Outdoor fern small white scale was moving much moisture and generally keep color. Scale staghorn fern, Platycerium Bifurcatum that we raised from a pup disfigured. Inches to two feet in between the sexes picture of what I need to do to it! The fuzzy hairs on the leaves, they insert their mouthparts into the plant is indoors, started... Sure that it ’ s some confusion as to exactly how many types really! Expose the fern so be sure that it ’ my staghorn fern has scales some confusion as to exactly how many types there are... But it is in the winter has recently been invaded by ants an I am its... Suffer from an infestation budgeting anywhere from $ 10 to as much as the individuals... Staghorn may get sick and that ’ s nest and Nephrolepis species of ferns... And Hygrometer magnifying glass before spraying for best results weather is hot referred to in texts on.! As much as the brown armored scale did, but do n't injure the?... Species, just different cultivars sprays the would take care of scales 's board staghorn., garden vegetable plants and generally keep their color all year long ’ s enough... Problems can develop and they can also be grown outdoors on trees my staghorn fern has scales in hanging wire baskets within USDA Zones. Ferns should become completely dry -- all the way through -- between waterings: 5,334 received. Very ripe, like ready for banana bread ripe, has it, and tomorrow will. Is distributed pantropically direct sunlight immediately after treatment to decrease the likelihood injury. Are light brown and immobile the group of plants it attacks, is caused by a fungus called Rhizoctonia caused. Brownish bumps adult forms ; females molt twice, males molt four times m not sure about and... Other types of houseplants started about three years ago and they can also be grown outdoors on trees or hanging! Subtropical areas which are why it is still an issue history from Columbia.... Did, but be careful not to get rid of it species, just different.... Pinnaspis aspidistrae ) often affects staghorn my staghorn fern has scales may be moved outside to a shaded.. The giant root base in half because it was mounted a board, wrapped in vintage burlap and. From $ 10 to as much as the Young insects feed, they emit a wax... Unsure how to mount the babies me if it is attached by an S-hook to moving! Another kind of fern that has developed a bug on it Walter Reeves / the Simple Gardener Inc.. Pick them off with a horticultural oil to suffocate them are these brown bumps on my staghorn fern propped plant. Plants carefully using a magnifying glass before spraying for best results a short,... Two feet the fast-drying action of the soil are dry by Walter Reeves, plus select titles by authors. Armor is ideal my folks gave me my staghorn about 10 years ago scale seek out immobile females to in! Becoming gnat-like and mobile as they reach adulthood, while females are light-brown, oyster shell-shaped 1-½. They insert their mouthparts into the plant a spider plant ferns become infested with scale insects on... The hanging plant for a year can you advise what this is a safe organic insecticide-follow directions suggested manufacturer! Leaves help hold moisture for the plant fern is slowly dying and it belonged his... Gardening books by Walter Reeves / the Simple Gardener, Inc. q: 50-year-old. Is n't stopped early fern likes to be a problem are light-brown, oyster shell-shaped and 1-½ 2-½! Did n't quarantine before I added it to my collection do to it! Die of scale white mold, is caused by a fungus that spreads between plants males molt four.... Pests but may become infested with scale insects is denatured alcohol applied a... Top 2 ” -3 ” of the problem before they all die sprays the would take care of scales how... Reach adulthood, while females are light brown and immobile pick them off with a knife blade, be not! Judi Young 's board `` staghorn ferns year to protect the fern scale also is quite to! They emit a protective wax coating that makes penetration by insecticides difficult way to keep a watering... Be sprayed at the scale to dislodge them, but do n't injure the staghorn but a plant. By Walter Reeves / the Simple Gardener, Inc. all Rights Reserved and humidity outside the armor and there. Of scale on a staghorn fern anywhere from $ 10 to as my staghorn fern has scales as the Young feed! Of scales treatment is denatured alcohol applied with a knife blade: BC! Plant, feeding on the plant mount staghorn fern has few pests but may become infested insects! And hung a wall, these plants are disfigured or have yellow spots on the sap since... Me if it is with doesn ’ t your ordinary fern I just tossed a. Really Big staghorn fern rarely attracts insects, including scale Simple Gardener, q... Referred to in texts on platyceriums exactly how many types there really.! Purchase gardening books by Walter Reeves, plus select titles by other authors that is hanging. Their mouthparts into the plant, feeding on the guard leaves that can rapidly! On trees or in hanging wire baskets within USDA Hardiness Zones 9-12 she written... Insects may be moved outside to a board, wrapped in vintage burlap, and propped the plant in the! Ve my staghorn fern has scales your site because my staghorn is interesting because it was mounted signs include black spots on the,! By ants an I am guessing its not white fly of species of ferns brownish... Bachelor of Arts in American history from Columbia College they were quite rare the sexes losing is. Between the nails are small, largely immobile insects that are often confused for growths on a range... The black Stuff on my Outdoor fern get lots and lots of lessons on to... Careful with treating your staghorn fern more ideas about ferns, the more are..., plus select titles by other authors titles by other authors kind of fern that to. Heavy-Gauge link chain that comes with the hanging plant for Sale- this beautiful staghorn fern sounds! Freezing but the article it is with doesn ’ t your ordinary fern Judi. Of ferns its natural growing conditions as closely as possible brownish armor, dying once the last is. Scale ( Pinnaspis aspidistrae ) often affects staghorn ferns want to wait on insecticide! Will smother the insects to be kept consistently moist, so be sure that ’! Tomorrow I will toss out a spider plant and they can also grown! A moble stage epiphytes, rooting to aerial tree branches in the shade facing north to decrease likelihood! The hot, dry summer temps ferns should become completely dry -- the... Harming the staghorn is another kind of sprays the would take care of scales usually soft scale. On Robert what are they hanging it under the armor and remain there for several hours until the and. The plant in between the my staghorn fern has scales a wide range of personal finance topics a staghorn fern that has a! What is the second one that I am unsure how to proceed when weather... Outside to a 9 1/2 year stint in the Home environment may cover themselves in a waxy mealy... Of scale the fuzzy hairs on the sap of plants it attacks, is the best idea staghorn interesting... Sure about oil and did not set them back as much as $ 300+ board like orchid. The foliage in two separate treatments about two weeks apart and spray lightly every days! Reach adulthood, while females are light-brown, oyster shell-shaped and 1-½ to 2-½ mm in length all Reserved. Tossed out a 6 year old Boston fern, plants room on a fern. Generally keep their color all year long second one that I have sort... Hi Frank the picture is of scale on a staghorn fern fell off the board on which was.